The impact of climate change on local water management strategies. Learning from Rotterdam and Copenhagen

Main Article Content

Eduardo Bassolino

Abstract

Cities around the world, as highly anthropized areas, are negatively suffering the impact of climate change. The awareness of intergovernmental and national institutions, has allowed the development in recent decades of policies and strategies for the reduction of climate-changing gas emissions in the environment, through the implementation of adaptation and mitigation actions, in order to implement local actions aimed at managing the different problems arising from the effects of climate change in the cities.
The characteristics of the urban environment amplify the effects of climate change, sometimes with disastrous consequences, especially on people. Among the phenomena that have most direct effects on the population, extreme rainfall and pluvial flooding put the safety of people at risk. Water management has thus become one of the most addressed topics in local adaptation policies and strategies.
The objective is to investigate policies, strategies and plans for adapting to climate change by the cities of Copenhagen and Rotterdam, in order to understand the implementation processes and identify environmental climate adaptive design actions as best practices to be replicated in others urban contexts relating to the water management issues, to define an urban system of spreaded actions on the surface of cities to make them climate proof.

Article Details

How to Cite
Bassolino, E. (2019). The impact of climate change on local water management strategies. Learning from Rotterdam and Copenhagen. UPLanD - Journal of Urban Planning, Landscape & Environmental Design, 4(1), 21-40. Retrieved from http://www.upland.it/index.php/UPLanD/article/view/153
Section
Articles

References

Berndtsson, J. C. (2010). Green roof performance towards management of runoff water quantity and quality: A review. Ecological Engineering, 36(4), 351-360. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2009.12.014

Boer, F., Jorritsma, J., & Van Peijpe, D., (eds.) (2010). De Urbanisten and the Wondrous Water square. Rotterdam, NL: 010 Publishers.

Bulkeley, H. (2013). Cities and Climate Change. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

C40 Cities (2016). Climate Change Adaptation in Delta Cities Climate. Good Practice Guide. Retrieved from https://www.c40.org/networks/connecting_delta_cities

City of Copenhagen (2011). Copenhagen Climate Adaptation Plan. Retrieved from https://international.kk.dk/artikel/climate-adaptation

City of Copenhagen (2012). Cloudburst Management Plan 2012, Retrieved from https://international.kk.dk/artikel/climate-adaptation

City of Rotterdam (2007). Waterplan 2 Rotterdam, retrieved form https://www.rotterdam.nl/wonen-leven/waterplan-2/

City of Rotterdam (2010). Rotterdam Climate Proof Programme (RCP), retrieved form http://deltacityofthefuture.com/cities/rotterdam/main-publications

City of Rotterdam (2013). Rotterdam Climate Change Adaptation Strategy, retrieved form http://deltacityofthefuture.com/cities/rotterdam/main-publications

D’Ambrosio, V., & Leone, M. F. (eds.) (2016). Progettazione ambientale per l’adattamento al Climate Change. Modelli innovativi per la produzione di conoscenza. Environmental Design for Climate Change adaptation. Innovative models for the production of knowledge. Napoli, IT: CLEAN.

D’Ambrosio, V., & Leone, M. F. (2015). Climate change risks and environmental design for resilient urban regeneration. Napoli Est pilot case. TECHNE-Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, 10, 130-140.

Dierna, S. (1995). Tecnologie per il progetto ambientale. Per una trasformazione sostenibile degli assetti insediativi. In M. Sala (ed.), Florence International Conference for Teachers of Architecture - Tecnologie del Progetto Ambientale. Firenze, IT: Alinea Editrice.

EEA - European Environment Agency (ed.) (2017). Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016. An indicator based report. EEA Report n. 1/2017. Retrieved from https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/climate-change-impacts-and-vulnerability-2016

Fletcher, T. D., Shuster, W., Hunt, W. F., Ashley, R., Butler, D., Arthur, S., ... & Mikkelsen, P. S. (2015). SUDS, LID, BMPs, WSUD and more–The evolution and application of terminology surrounding urban drainage. Urban Water Journal, 12(7), 525-542. doi: 10.1080/1573062X.2014.916314

Gangemi, V. (2009). Valorizzazione e risparmio della risorsa acqua nell’architettura e nell’ambiente. In A. Passaro (ed.), Civiltà delle acque. Valorizzazione e risparmio della risorsa acqua nell’architettura e nell’ambiente. Napoli, IT: Luciano Editore.

Gathing, W., & Puckett, K. (2013). Design for Climate Change, London, UK: RIBA Publishing.

IPCC (ed.) (2014). Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Climate Change 2014 - Mitigation of Climate Change, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Lerer, S. M., Righetti, F., Rozario, T., & Mikkelsen, P. S. (2017), Integrated hydrological model-based assessment of stormwater management scenarios in Copenhagen’s first climate resilient neighbourhood using the three point approach, Water, 9(11). doi: 10.3390/w9110883

Losasso, M. (2016). Climate risk, Environmental planning, Urban design. UPLanD-Journal of Urban Planning, Landscape & Environmental Design, 1(1), 219-232. doi: 10.6092/2531-9906/5039

Mazzi, P, & Pelizzaro, P., (2016). La città resiliente. Strategie e azioni di resilienza urbana in Italia e nel mondo. Milano, IT: Altreconomia.

Moccia, F. D., & Palestino, M. F. (eds.) (2013). Planning Stormwater Resilient Urban Open Spaces. Napoli, IT: CLEAN.

Molenaar, A., & Gebraad, C. (2014). Rotterdam resilient delta city connecting water and adaptation with opportunities, Water governance, n.01/2014, 43-47.

Pelsmakers, S. (2015). The Environmental Design Pocketbook, 2nd ed.. London, UK: RIBA Publishing.

Reven, J., (2011). Cooling the Public Realm: Climate-Resilient Urban Design. In K. Otto-Zimmermann (ed.), Resilient Cities Cities and Adaptation to Climate Change - Proceedings of the Global Forum 2010 (pp.451-463). Dordrecht, NL: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-0785-6_45

Sgobbo, A. (2016). La città che si sgretola: nelle politiche urbane ed economiche le risorse per un’efficace manutenzione. BDC. Bollettino Del Centro Calza Bini, 16(1), 155-175. doi: 10.6092/2284-4732/4121

Sgobbo, A. (2017). Eco-social innovation for efficient urban metabolisms. TECHNE Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, 14, 337-344. doi: 10.13128/Techne-20812

Sgobbo, A. (2018). Water Sensitive Urban Planning. Approach and opportunities in Mediterranean metropolitan areas. Rome, IT: INU Edizioni.

UN-HABITAT (ed.) (2011), Cities and Climate Change: Global Report on Human Settlements, retrieved from https://unhabitat.org/books/cities-and-climate-change-global-report-on-human-settlements-2011/

Wolch, J. R., Byrne, J., & Newell, J. P. (2014). Urban green space, public health, and environmental justice: The challenge of making cities ‘just green enough’. Landscape and Urban Planning, 125, 234-244. doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.01.017

Zhou, Q. (2014). A review of sustainable urban drainage systems considering the climate change and urbanization impacts. Water, 6(4), 976-992. doi: 10.3390/w6040976

Zhou, Q., Mikkelsen, P. S., Halsnæs, K., & Arnbjerg-Nielsen, K. (2012). Framework for economic pluvial flood risk assessment considering climate change effects and adaptation benefits. Journal of Hydrology, 414, 539-549. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.11.031

Zimmermann, B., Elsenbeer, H., & De Moraes, J. M. (2006). The influence of land-use changes on soil hydraulic properties: implications for runoff generation. Forest ecology and management, 222(1), 29-38. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2005.10.070